The scientists made the breakthrough by creating a patch of human skin on a
mouse's back using stem cells -- cells which have the ability to develop
into any human cell.
Skin grafts have traditionally been created from cell cultures taken from
the patient -- a process that takes three weeks, too long for some patients
suffering extensive burns.
The new method using stem cells allows hospitals to order human skin as soon
as they take in a burns victim.
"What our findings can provide is a way to cover the burns during those
three weeks with skin epidermis ... produced in that factory and sent to the
physician at the moment they receive a severely burned patient," Marc
Peschanski, research director at the institute I-Stem, told Reuters
"They call the factory and then, immediately, they will get a square meter
of epidermis which will be a temporary way to cover the burns," he added.
"We grafted cells on the back of a mouse on which we had created a wound,
and we observed twelve weeks later that the epidermis had mended itself,"
said Xavier Nissan, who took part in the study by I-stem, which develops
regeneration therapies using stem cells.
In France, 200 to 300 people a year risk dying from severe burns, said
Peschanski, who hopes the new method will become a common therapeutic tool.
"So it is really a new hope for those people and really, any one of us could
become a severe burns patient," he said. (Reporting by Reuters TV; writing
by Sophie Taylor, editing by Tim Pearce)